Introduction to Model United Nations

Model United Nations is a simulation of bodies and sub-bodies, historical commissions or councils, meetings and assemblies of the United Nations gathered in a common residence hosted by a school, university or any kind of institution. Model United Nations conferences are usually organized for students by students. Participants of Model United Nations debate in committees and represent countries they were assigned as a delegate or an ambassador. They try to solve world problems regarding the policies and perspective of their allocated countries. With MUN, students learn about world issues, international relations and how United Nations works. In addition to all these it increases many skills including researching, writing, public speaking and debating. During the conference participants meet new people and become friends with other participants and the friendships often continue even after a conference comes to an end. Model UN Conferences lead students to be open minded, argumentative and sociable. Every year, thousands of high school and university students from all over the world participate in MUN conferences and the number of participants increase every single year.

 

ROOTS OF UNITED NATIONS (UN)  AND MODEL UNITED NATIONS (MUN)

On 24 October 1945, a new intergovernmental organisation was founded from the ruins of the Second World War for an international union. The organisation was called the United Nations and was there to replace the League of Nations which had been ineffective throughout the years. With 51 member countries at it’s founding members, United Nations have followed a path to sustain international peace and safety, to provide humanitarian aid in cases of famine or an emergency situation such as a natural disaster or an armed conflict, to promote human rights and gender equality, and to foster social and economic development. United Nations had a huge effect on youth as believing in fidelity and struggling for verity. Schools and universities had organised hundreds of simulations of the League of Nations for decades before the establishment of the United Nations. After the League of Nations was proceeded, those simulations have turned into MUN conferences. The first MUN conferences in the world were held in mid-1950s, however, the discussion of which conference was the first Model UN held in the world remains with the claiments being BMUN, HMUN, NMUN. Recently, MUN conferences are held nearly everywhere including South and East Asia, Middle East and North Africa. These are the committees, councils and commissions of the United Nations that you can also encounter in an MUN conference:

The principal organs of the United Nations:

– UN General Assembly

– UN Secretariat

– UN Security Council

– Economic and Social Council

– International Court of Justice

– UN Trusteeship Council

Main committees of the General Assembly:

  • The First Committee: Disarmament and International Security  (DISEC)
  • The Second Committee: Economic and Financial (ECOFIN)
  • The Third Committee: Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian (SOCHUM)
  • The Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonisation (SPECPOL)
  • The Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary
  • The Sixth Committee: Legal

General Assembly Councils:

– Human Rights Council

– Council of the United Nations University

General Assembly commissions:

  • Disarmament Commission
  • International Civil Service Commission
  • International Law Commissionn
  • United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
  • United Nations Conciliation Commission
  • United Nations Peacebuilding Commission

 

There are also organizations working with the United Nations with  independence from the General Assembly that are called Specialized Agencies such as,

-World Bank

-International Monetary Fund (IMF)

-World Health Organization (WHO)

-United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

-International Labor Organization

-United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

 

Some of the funds, commissions and programmes in the UN system:

– United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

– United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

– UN Women

– United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  (UNHCR)

– World Food Programme (WFP)

– United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

– Preparatory Commission of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

– World Trade Organization (WTO)

– United Nations Office for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)

 

WHAT IS A MUN CONFERENCE?

A MUN conference is the venue and the organisation of the simulation, referring to various committees selected by the host institution’s Organization Team.  During the conference days, delegates get the opportunity to discuss the agenda items related to their committees they were assigned in the formal sessions and have the time to chat informally, snack and drink some coffee or tea in the coffee breaks. Delegates also have the opportunity to socialize with other MUN’ers during the social events. During the closing ceremony on the last day, the awards (mostly Best Delegate, Outstanding Delegate, and honorable mentions) are given and closing speeches are delivered by the chairs, then the Secretary-General officially declares that the conference is closed.