Organization of American States

Organization of American States

The Organization of American States (OAS) is the world’s oldest regional organization, dating back to the First International Conference of American States, held in Washington, D.C., from October 1889 to April 1890, which later on came into being in 1948 right after the Charter of the OAS was signed in Colombia, invoking in 1951. The Organization was founded so as to achieve “an order of peace and justice, to promote their solidarity, to strengthen their collaboration, and to defend their sovereignty, their territorial integrity, and their independence.” as it is projected in Article 1 of the Charter. The Organization of American States has brought together all 35 independent states, privileged permanent observer status to 69 states, as well as to the European Union. The Organization is based on democracy, human rights, security and development; which they define them to be their main-pillars in order to implement their essential purposes. The ideology of an international union in the New World was first put forward by Simon Bolivar, who proposed establishing a league of American republics, with a common military, a mutual defence pact, and a supranational parliamentary assembly. The Organization consists of: The General Assembly, the Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, the Councils (the Permanent Council and the Inter-American Council for Integral Development), the Inter-American Juridical Committee; the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, the General Secretariat, the specialized conferences, the specialized organizations and other entities established by the General Assembly. The General Assembly is the supreme organ of the Organization of American States and comprises the delegations of all the member states. All member states are represented at the General Assembly and have the right to one vote. Overall, The Organization is the premier political forum of the Americas, where the independent countries of North, Central and South America and the Caribbean gathers in order to enhance their common goals and development meanwhile working out their differences in a peaceful manner, whether the issue is the rights of indigenous peoples, territorial disputes, or regional goals for education, the OAS is where multilateral political dialogue takes place at many levels and sub-committees.  
  • Immigration and Preservation of Right to Travel
  • Social Development with a special emphasis on Women
  • Multidimensional Security with a special emphasis on Illicit Trade of Armament & Drugs