The Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is mainly charged with the maintenance of the international peace and security. The capabilities falling within the authority of the Security Council are the authorization of peacekeeping forces to be supplied by the voluntary member states, enforcement of international sanctions, and the sanctioning of the military interventions. The Security Council possesses an especially important position both in the UN and also in the international relations as a whole, since it is the only UN organ to pass resolutions with binding power on the member states. The Security Council convened for the first time on 17 January 1946 with the principal Allies of the Second World War, namely the USA, the United Kingdom, France, the USSR and the Republic of China (later known as the Permanent Members of the council). The initial periods of the Council’s operation was dominated by the intense Cold War rivalry between the capitalist and communist camps represented respectively by the USA and the USSR, and this global polarization has also substantially limited the efficiency of the Council. This restricted its activity to initiating concrete intervention in the issues with relatively minor importance. Two important developments in the Cold War period was the increase of the rotating member countries from 6 to 10 in 1965 and the replacement of China’s seat in the SC –and also in the UN – by the People’s Republic of China in 1971. The years 1990 witnessed the replacement of the collapsing USSR’s seat by its successor state Russian Federation and a drastic increase in the authorization of the UN Peacekeeping Forces in many regions of the globe amidst newly emerging conflicts and unstable conditions resulting from the escalating political tensions and altered balances of power. The KALMUN Security Council will be dissecting and discussing the modern-day version of these issues as they have spanned along the years. In this committee, the delegates are expected to find prompt and effective solutions for the issues which have assumed a threatening nature for security and peace in a global or regional scale and also to permanently eradicate the roots from which the concerned incidents of conflict emanate. This is a committee for upper intermediate-advanced delegates.
Agenda Items of KALMUN 2017’s Security Council are as follows:
- Revision of the Non-Proliferation Treaty
- Post-Conflict Peacebuilding